Attention! The contest # 6!

November 23rd, 2011

We remind: Our competitions are the most effective way to gain points before the Redemption Day!

As previously, the person who gives correct answer the fastest will obtain 300 EEP and 10 invitatios.

What is the cause of radiation on such a large area of Kazakhstan?

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73 Responses to “Attention! The contest # 6!”

  1. Jason says:

    Electromagnetic pulse is the cause of radiation on Kazakhtan.

  2. Deena says:

    An electromagnetic pulse (sometimes abbreviated EMP) is a burst of electromagnetic radiation. The abrupt pulse of electromagnetic radiation usually results from certain types of high energy explosions, especially a nuclear explosion, or from a suddenly fluctuating magnetic field. The resulting rapidly changing electric fields and magnetic fields may couple with electrical/electronic systems to produce damaging current and voltage surges.

  3. Ongteu says:

    The nuclear weapon tests before and Electromagnetic pulse is the cause of radiation on Kazakhstan.

  4. Carlos F. says:

    The main cause is “THE K PROJECT.”
    In 1962, the Soviet Union performed a series of three EMP-producing nuclear tests in space over Kazakhstan, which were the last in the series called “The K Project”. Although these weapons were much smaller (300 kilotons or 1.3 PJ) than the Starfish Prime test, since those tests were done over a populated large land mass (and also at a location where the Earth’s magnetic field was greater), the damage caused by the resulting EMP was reportedly much greater than in the Starfish Prime nuclear test. The geomagnetic storm-like E3 pulse (from the test designated as “Test 184”) even induced an electric current surge in a long underground power line that caused a fire in the power plant in the city of Karaganda. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the level of this damage was communicated informally to scientists in the United States. Formal documentation of some of the EMP damage in Kazakhstan exists, but is still sparse in the open scientific literature.

  5. Danny says:

    Activity of the former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site;
    Nuclear explosions for purpose of the national economy, made in 1949-1961;
    Activity of enterprises of nuclear industry complex;
    Activity of the Lobnor Nuclear testing site in China and global falls;
    Natural radioactive anomalies in residential areas and underground waters, used for drinking water supply.

  6. Ertato says:

    Because the radiaton of the test of nuclear bombs in the Cold War.

    Sorry for my english.

  7. Alonsotwm says:

    one of the main causes of radiation. is that it produces a great thaw in this area of ​​Kazakhstan

  8. demek1987 says:

    nuclear explosions

  9. aksyukhin says:

    Site for nuclear tests.

  10. nickigami says:

    spaceport

  11. nickigami says:

    Semipalatinsk – site for nuclear tests!

  12. jodacov says:

    The radiation situation in Kazakhstan is characterised by large areas with high terrestrial radiation and exhalation rates of radon, both occurrences being associated with large uranium deposits in the Kazakh subsoil. Hence, the mean total effective equivalent dose, Heff (ICRP), due to external and internal irradiation from natural radioactivity is about 2-3 times higher than the global average of 2.4 mSv/a. Much more serious consequences have been caused, however, by previous human actions which include uranium mining and processing, nuclear fuel fabrication, peaceful applications of nuclear explosions for ‘economic purposes’, and most importantly, the development and testing of nuclear bombs and missile-borne warheads.

  13. jodacov says:

    In 1962, the Soviet Union also made explode a series of three bombs of PEM. The nuclear essays did in the space of Kazajstán naming to the operative ” Project K “. Although this weapon was much smaller (300 kilotones) that ” the Starfish Prime test “, since the tests were realized on a big population (and also in a place where the magnetic terrestrial field is major), the damages caused by the resultant PEM were much major than in the American test. The pulse geomagnético indujo an electrical current producing one on voltage in a long electrical underground line causing a fire in the plant of energy in the city of Karagandy. After the collapse of the Soviet Union, the level of this damage was communicated informally to the scientists of the United States. The formal papers of some of the damages of the PEM exist in Kazajstán, but it keeps on being scarce in the scientific public literature.

  14. nirdlemon says:

    uranio, plutonio, desechos radioactivos

  15. dragotin says:

    The radiation situation in Kazakhstan is characterised by large areas with high terrestrial radiation and exhalation rates of radon, both occurrences being associated with large uranium deposits in the Kazakh subsoil. Hence, the mean total effective equivalent dose, Heff (ICRP), due to external and internal irradiation from natural radioactivity is about 2-3 times higher than the global average of 2.4 mSv/a. Much more serious consequences have been caused, however, by previous human actions which include uranium mining and processing, nuclear fuel fabrication, peaceful applications of nuclear explosions for ‘economic purposes’, and most importantly, the development and testing of nuclear bombs and missile-borne warheads.

  16. pukea says:

    30 uranium mines 😉

  17. Victor says:

    three bombs called project k

  18. vanpeld says:

    Active development of the oilfield industry in Mangistau and Atyrau regions of Kazakhstan led to the technogenic radioactive contamination of areas of oil and the surrounding areas, committed areas of crisis. Twelve cities and towns of these regions with the number “100 thousand people exposed to radiation hazards.

  19. Alexey says:

    Proving Ground – Semipalatinsk

  20. Max says:

    because it was something like a testing area for URSS

  21. Timka says:

    I just want redemption 😀

  22. VIK says:

    The Semipalatinsk Test Site. 🙂

    The Semipalatinsk Test Site (STS or Semipalatinsk-21) was the primary testing venue for the Soviet Union’s nuclear weapons.

    My mother lived near Semipalatinsk. D:

  23. yrdchaos says:

    The radiation from Kazakhstan was caused by the Soviet Union’s nuclear testing of over 500 nuclear weapons.

  24. Anton says:

    Семипалатинский испытательный ядерный полигон.

  25. Marco says:

    Semipalatinsk nuclear weapons test

  26. TURGUT says:

    Activity of the former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site;
    Nuclear explosions for purpose of the national economy, made in 1949-1961;
    Activity of enterprises of nuclear industry complex;
    Activity of the Lobnor Nuclear testing site in China and global falls;
    Natural radioactive anomalies in residential areas and underground waters, used for drinking water supply.

  27. symo93 says:

    Radiation Exposure due to Local Fallout from Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing in Kazakhstan: Solid Cancer Mortality in the Semipalatinsk Historical Cohort, 1960–1999

  28. symo93 says:

    Bauer, S., Gusev, B. I., Pivina, L. M., Apsalikov, K. N. and Grosche, B. Radiation Exposure due to Local Fallout from Soviet Atmospheric Nuclear Weapons Testing in Kazakhstan: Solid Cancer Mortality in the Semipalatinsk Historical Cohort, 1960–1999. Radiat. Res. 164, 409–419 (2005).

    Little information is available on the health effects of exposures to fallout from Soviet nuclear weapons testing and on the combined external and internal environmental exposures that have resulted from these tests. This paper reports the first analysis of the Semipalatinsk historical cohort exposed in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, Kazakhstan. The cohort study, which includes 19,545 inhabitants of exposed and comparison villages of the Semipalatinsk region, was set up in the 1960s and comprises 582,750 person-years of follow-up between 1960 and 1999. Cumulative effective radiation dose estimates in this cohort range from 20 mSv to 4 Sv. Rates of mortality and cancer mortality in the exposed group substantially exceeded those of the comparison group. Dose–response analyses within the exposed group confirmed a significant trend with dose for all solid cancers (P < 0.0001) and for digestive and respiratory cancers (P = 0.0255 and P < 0.0001), whereas no consistent dose–response trend was found for all causes of death (P = 0.4296). Regarding specific cancer sites, a significant trend with dose was observed for lung cancer (P = 0.0001), stomach cancer (P = 0.0050), and female breast cancer (P = 0.0040) as well as for esophagus cancer in women (P = 0.0030). The excess relative risk per sievert for all solid cancers combined was 1.77 (1.35; 2.27) based on the total cohort data, yet a selection bias regarding the comparison group could not be entirely ruled out. The excess relative risk per sievert based on the cohort's exposed group was 0.81 (0.46; 1.33) for all solid cancers combined and thus still exceeds current risk estimates from the Life Span Study. Future epidemiological assessments based on this cohort will benefit from extension of follow-up and ongoing validation of dosimetric data.

  29. Dmitry says:

    Cause of radiation (radiation) in most of Kazakhstan is Kyshtym accident.
    Kyshtym accident “- the first in the USSR radiation emergency man-made disasters, which occurred September 29, 1957 at the chemical plant” Mayak “, located in a closed city,” Chelyabinsk-40. “The town is Ozersk. The accident is Kyshtym because the city Ozersk was classified and was not available on maps until 1990. Kyshtym – closest to the city.

    Radiation background in the Republic of Kazakhstan is normal, the official website of “KazHydroMet” RSE. Now “Kazgidromet” radiation monitoring strengthened in connection with the accident at a Japanese nuclear power plant “Fukushima-1”.
    “On the territory of the Republic of Kazakhstan RGP” Kazhydromet “conducts daily monitoring of radiation to measure the gamma-ray background (exposure dose) for 81 weather stations. According to observations, the average values ​​of radiation gamma-background in the atmospheric boundary layer of the republic are in the range 0,01-0,21 microsieverts per hour, which does not exceed the accepted limit, “- said in a statement” KazHydroMet “RSE.
    “Thus, the environmental monitoring of RSE” Kazhydromet “deterioration of the radiation situation as of 15:00 pm in Astana on March 30, 2011 in the Republic is not fixed and there is no threat to the population”, – assured the Kazakhstani specialists.
    In “Kazgidromet” noted that the Radiation Safety Standards, the main man-made radiation regulated by the quantity – the effective dose – is no more than 0.57 microsieverts per hour.

  30. Dmitry says:

    The landfill Semipalatenske (there from 1949 to 1984, the Soviet Union conducted nuclear tests)

  31. k3ty says:

    in the Semey (Semipalatinsk) region of the northeast, where the Soviet Union tested almost 500 nuclear weapons unil 1995

  32. as says:

    n the Semey (Semipalatinsk) region of the northeast, where the Soviet Union tested almost 500 nuclear weapons unil 1995

  33. Jecko says:

    nuclear tests conducted in Russia since the late ’40s, hundreds of tests that have contaminated thousands of square miles of wilderness, and who continue to make victims even today for a real criminal act against the local population.

  34. Jecko says:

    On 29 August 60 years ago, Russia began its military nuclear program (First Lightning) with the explosion of the first atomic bomb, called “Joe-1”, a plutonium bomb of the power of 22 kilotons, was detonated at the Semipalatinsk Test site in Kazakhstan.

    The Semipalatinsk Test Site is located in the steppes of Kazakhstan North-East, near the river Irtysh. That location was chosen by Lavrentiy Beria, head of the Soviet nuclear program, which was judged criminally uninhabited area of 18,000 sq km around the polygon. The tests were conducted without the evacuation of the surrounding villages, be it atmospheric test explosions or below the surface.
    Semipalatinsk is also home to four nuclear reactors, particle accelerators and two two cyclotrons.

    The second atomic bomb was detonated at Semipalatinsk “Joe-2”, a weapon power of 38 kilotons, which was triggered on September 24, 1951.
    Later, at the same site, were thermonuclear fusion bombs detonated as the bomb “Sloika”, mixing the concepts of nuclear fission with the merger itself, with a power of 400 kilotons

    After the first test, followed by others 456 (340 of them underground) over 40 years, from 1949 to the abolition of nuclear tests of 1989, regardless of minimally to local residents, who became involuntarily a pool of involuntary guinea pigs , exposed to the effects of radiation generated by nuclear explosions.

    The radiation have quietly claimed victims for three generations, with a number estimated at about 1 million people, causing problems ranging from thyroid imbalances, cancer, birth defects, premature aging, cardiovascular problems.
    The average life for the inhabitants of the area is significantly below the national average of Kazakhstan, and some areas are dangerous to health even if you stop for a few hours in them.

  35. joanmi says:

    1960–1999. Radiat. Res. 164, 409–419 (2005).

    Little information is available on the health effects of exposures to fallout from Soviet nuclear weapons testing and on the combined external and internal environmental exposures that have resulted from these tests. This paper reports the first analysis of the Semipalatinsk historical cohort exposed in the vicinity of the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site, Kazakhstan. The cohort study, which includes 19,545 inhabitants of exposed and comparison villages of the Semipalatinsk region, was set up in the 1960s and comprises 582,750 person-years of follow-up between 1960 and 1999. Cumulative effective radiation dose estimates in this cohort range from 20 mSv to 4 Sv. Rates of mortality and cancer mortality in the exposed group substantially exceeded those of the comparison group. Dose–response analyses within the exposed group confirmed a significant trend with dose for all solid cancers (P < 0.0001) and for digestive and respiratory cancers (P = 0.0255 and P < 0.0001), whereas no consistent dose–response trend was found for all causes of death (P = 0.4296). Regarding specific cancer sites, a significant trend with dose was observed for lung cancer (P = 0.0001), stomach cancer (P = 0.0050), and female breast cancer (P = 0.0040) as well as for esophagus cancer in women (P = 0.0030). The excess relative risk per sievert for all solid cancers combined was 1.77 (1.35; 2.27) based on the total cohort data, yet a selection bias regarding the comparison group could not be entirely ruled out. The excess relative risk per sievert based on the cohort's exposed group was 0.81 (0.46; 1.33) for all solid cancers combined and thus still exceeds current risk estimates from the Life Span Study. Future epidemiological assessments based on this cohort will benefit from extension of follow-up and ongoing validation of dosimetric data.

  36. Timur says:

    Nuclear weapon

  37. Vadim says:

    Becuase of the nuclear weapons and not only, KZ was a Sovietic weapon testing area…

  38. TerrabyteTraffic says:

    The source of radiation was the ampulla of ionizing radiation. It was at a depth of two meters under the debris. Found ampoule is placed in a special container for further transportation and disposal.

  39. jodacov says:

    A diversity of the radioecological situation Factors form on the Territory of the Republic, the main as of 1996 Were Factors:

    Activity of the Former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Testing Site;
    Nuclear explosions for purpose of the national economy, made ​​in 1949-1961;
    Activity of Enterprises of nuclear industry complex;
    Activity of the Nuclear Lobnor testing site in China and global falls;
    Natural radioactive anomalies in residential areas and underground waters, used for drinking water supply.

  40. HICHAM says:

    Soviet nuclear test

  41. besty says:

    Active development of the oilfield industry in Mangistau and Atyrau regions of RK has led to technogenic radioactive contamination of areas of oil and the surrounding areas, committed areas of crisis. Twelve cities and towns of these regions with the number “100 thousand people exposed to radiation hazards.

  42. wiss1990 says:

    NUCLEAR EXPERIENCES

  43. MetroPolice says:

    Fat Guy

  44. MetroPolice says:

    Area 51

  45. DivinoLima says:

    O material nuclear, Desde então, o sítio de testes – ou os materiais físseis deixados no local- vem sendo motivo de preocupação.

  46. divinolima says:

    Sítio nuclear soviético sob proteção dos americanos.

  47. Multiyak says:

    La radiactividad es causada por las pruebas nucleares que tuvieron lugar en el área.

  48. Dima says:

    Polygon of Semipalatinsk, Kazakhstan

  49. noah says:

    La radiactividad es causada por las pruebas nucleares que tuvieron lugar en el área.

  50. k3ty says:

    nuclear tests

  51. Ahmad says:

    EMP-producing nuclear tests

  52. nickigami says:

    Ну кто конкурс хоть выиграл? Что не объявляете?

  53. Sylvia says:

    It was a excitement locating your site yesterday. I came here right hoping to learn something new. And I was not dissatisfied. Your well thought out ideas for new events like this. Thank you for this idea and sharing your knowledge.

  54. jodacov says:

    climate change..

  55. jodacov says:

    the loss of the ozone layer.

  56. jodacov says:

    the cause is: 1200 plants of manufacture of nuclear fuel.

  57. jodacov says:

    (semey) zone of nuclear tests.

  58. Alexandr says:

    Semipalatinsk polygon

  59. unreal_man says:

    During the 20th century, Kazakhstan was the site of major Soviet projects, including Khrushchev’s Virgin Lands campaign, the Baikonur Cosmodrome, and the Semipalatinsk “Polygon”, the USSR’s primary nuclear weapon testing site.

  60. I am not in a position to view this web site properly on firefox I think there’s a problem.

  61. jodacov says:

    the cause was a bomb of 140 kilotones detonated in the dry course of the river chgan.que this to you see I form the so-called atomic lake, which has an area of 0.14 square kilometers, a diameter of 520 meters, a depth from 20 to 25 meters and a water volume of 7,000.000 of cubic meters.

    • jodacov says:

      the cause was a bomb of 140 kilotones detonated in the dry course of the river chagan.que this to you see I form the so-called atomic lake, which has an area of 0.14 square kilometers, a diameter of 520 meters, a depth from 20 to 25 meters and a water volume of 7,000.000 of cubic meters.

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